What Type Of Diseases Does A Pulmonologist Treat?

Why would you need to see a pulmonologist?

While primary care doctors can handle mild or short-term conditions, such as those caused by a cold or respiratory infection, you’ll need to see a pulmonologist to diagnose, treat and manage more complex illnesses that primarily affect the lungs..

What happens when you see a pulmonologist?

First, you’ll answer questions about your symptoms and have a physical exam. The doctor might need tests to make a diagnosis and recommend treatment. The tests might include blood work and a chest X-ray or a CT scan. Your pulmonologist could also recommend a bronchoscopy.

What kind of tests does a pulmonologist do?

Pulmonary function tests, or PFTs, measure how well your lungs work. They include tests that measure lung size and air flow, such as spirometry and lung volume tests. Other tests measure how well gases such as oxygen get in and out of your blood. These tests include pulse oximetry and arterial blood gas tests.

What’s the worst lung disease?

Meyer identifies COPD as one of the most serious and dangerous respiratory illnesses, and COPD is the number one problem seen in most pulmonology offices. “It’s a very serious disease. Once you get COPD, you’ve got it. It’s a disease that continues to worsen, even with smoking cessation,” Dr.

How do I know if my lungs are damaged?

If your lungs are damaged, or if you have a serious illness like COPD, emphysema or lung cancer, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms: Shortness of breath during simple activities. Pain when breathing. Dizziness with a change in activity.

How is a pulmonary test performed?

In a spirometry test, while you are sitting, you breathe into a mouthpiece that is connected to an instrument called a spirometer. The spirometer records the amount and the rate of air that you breathe in and out over a period of time. When standing, some numbers might be slightly different.

What is the rarest lung disease?

Pulmonary fibrosis is a rare lung disease that causes irreversible scarring of the lungs, which can cause shortness of breath and a persistent cough, and progressively gets worse over time.

What should I ask a pulmonologist about?

What Should You Ask Your Pulmonologist?Can you explain the tests you are running? … What’s my Diagnosis? … What is likely causing or worsening my symptoms? … What is an appropriate level of physical activity for my diagnosis? … How often should I be screened for changes? … Are you prescribing me anything for the symptoms?More items…•

How long does a pulmonary test take?

You will be asked to empty your lungs by gently breathing out as much air as you can. Then you will breathe in a quick (but deep breath), hold your breath for 10 seconds, and then breathe out as instructed. You will do the test several times. It usually takes about 30 minutes to complete this test.

What conditions do pulmonologists treat?

Here are some of the most common conditions that our pulmonologists diagnose and treat:Asthma. … Bronchiectasis. … Bronchitis. … Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). … Interstitial lung disease. … Occupational lung disease. … Pulmonary fibrosis. … Rheumatoid lung disease.More items…

What are the most common pulmonary diseases?

The most common lung diseases include:Asthma.Collapse of part or all of the lung (pneumothorax or atelectasis)Swelling and inflammation in the main passages (bronchial tubes) that carry air to the lungs (bronchitis)COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)Lung cancer.Lung infection (pneumonia)More items…•

What is the difference between a respirologist and a pulmonologist?

Respirologists, sometimes referred to as pulmonologists, are medical doctors who further specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of lung disease, such as asthma, emphysema, or pneumonia. Respirologists perform tests to check how well a person is breathing.

What does a lung specialist look for?

As such, a pulmonary specialist commonly diagnoses and treats patients with asthma, chronic bronchitis, COPD, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, interstitial lung disease, pulmonary fibrosis, tuberculosis and more.

What does lung scarring feel like?

Signs and symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis may include: Shortness of breath (dyspnea) A dry cough. Fatigue.

How do doctors clean out lungs?

The solution is a technique known as lung lavage, or lung washing, to flush the surfactant build-up from the lungs. Clinicians insert twin endotracheal tubes into the lungs while the patient is under anesthesia. They stream saline into one while the other receives oxygen to keep the patient breathing.