Quick Answer: What Are Common Vaccines?

What vaccines do humans need?

Which Vaccinations Do I Need?diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (called the Tdap vaccine)measles, mumps, rubella (the MMR vaccine)hepatitis A.hepatitis B.meningococcal disease (e.g., meningitis)human papillomavirus (HPV)varicella (chickenpox) if you have not had the disease.polio.More items….

What are the six killer diseases of a child?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What diseases don’t have a vaccine?

Vaccine Nation: 10 most important diseases without a licensed vaccineChagas disease (American trypanosomiasis)Chikungunya.Dengue.Cytomegalovirus.HIV/AIDS.Hookworm infection.Leishmaniasis.Malaria.More items…•

Is there a vaccine for tuberculosis?

Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a vaccine for tuberculosis (TB) disease. This vaccine is not widely used in the United States, but it is often given to infants and small children in other countries where TB is common. BCG does not always protect people from getting TB.

Does dengue have a vaccine?

One dengue vaccine has been licensed, Dengvaxia® (CYD-TDV), developed by Sanofi Pasteur. Approximately five additional dengue vaccine candidates are in clinical development, with two candidates (developed by NIH/Butantan and Takeda) now in Phase III trials.

What are the 10 most important vaccines?

Top 10 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases1 / 10. Measles. What it is: A highly contagious viral infection that involves the respiratory system, including the lungs and breathing tubes. … 2 / 10. Whooping Cough (Pertussis) … 3 / 10. Flu. … 4 / 10. Polio. … 5 / 10. Pneumococcal Disease. … 6 / 10. Tetanus. … 7 / 10. Meningococcal Disease. … 8 / 10. Hepatitis B.More items…

What are 5 types of vaccines?

As mentioned earlier, there are five main types of vaccines: attenuated (live) vaccines, inactivated vaccines, toxoid vaccines, subunit vaccines, and conjugate vaccines.

What is the most used vaccine?

According to immunization coverage data by the World Health Organization, the vaccine against tuberculosis was still the most widespread in the world in the year 2018 with a coverage level of 89 percent. Tetanus, Polio and Hepatitis B were the next most common.

What viruses have a vaccine?

Vaccination protects against these 14 diseases, which used to be prevalent in the United States.#1. Polio. Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease that is caused by poliovirus. … #2. Tetanus. … #3. The Flu (Influenza) … #4. Hepatitis B. … #5. Hepatitis A. … #6. Rubella. … #7. Hib. … #8. Measles.More items…

What virus do we have vaccines for?

Vaccines help protect against many diseases that used to be much more common. Examples include tetanus, diphtheria, mumps, measles, pertussis (whooping cough), meningitis, and polio. Many of these infections can cause serious or life-threatening illnesses and may lead to life-long health problems.

What is the safest type of vaccine?

Both acellular (aP) and whole-cell pertussis (wP) vaccines are safe and effective. In terms of rare, more severe adverse reactions, aP and wP vaccines appear to have the same high level of safety.

What was the first vaccine?

The smallpox vaccine, introduced by Edward Jenner in 1796, was the first successful vaccine to be developed. He observed that milkmaids who previously had caught cowpox did not catch smallpox and showed that inoculated vaccinia protected against inoculated variola virus.

What are DNA based vaccines?

DNA vaccines contain DNA that codes for specific proteins (antigens) from a pathogen. The DNA is injected into the body and taken up by cells, whose normal metabolic processes synthesize proteins based on the genetic code in the plasmid that they have taken up.